The World Health Organisation (WHO) have identified obesity and overweight, defined as an abnormal or excessive accumulation of fat, as chronic diseases. The multiple causes of these conditions include excessive calorie intake, a sedentary lifestyle, genetic factors and, in some cases, specific metabolic conditions.
As in the case of any other disease, patients who are obese or overweight should be treated by a specialised doctor. Recognized international guidelines for the management of these conditions recommend treatments that use a multidisciplinary approach involving professionals from several health care disciplines (medicine, nutritional science, physical activity, and psychological and emotional wellbeing).
How are overweight and obesity calculated?
Currently, the body mass index (BMI) is the simplest indicator used by professionals to measure overweight and obesity. To calculate an individual’s BMI, we divide their weight by the square of their height (kg/m2). A person is considered overweight if they have a BMI of 25 or higher, and obese if their BMI is 30 or higher.
Using our calculator, you can calculate your BMI and find your ideal weight
It has been estimated that some 1,900 million adults worldwide are overweight and, of these, some 600 million are obese. Current projections suggest that these figures will only increase in the future. According to WHO estimates, 89% of men and 49% of women in the world will be overweight by 2030, representing an increase of 74% and 26%, respectively over current figures.
In view of these statistics, overweight and obesity have been identified as the great epidemics of the 21st century. The upsurge in unhealthy weight levels worldwide has led to an increase in the prevalence of various medical conditions, including type 2 diabetes, several types of cancer, osteoarthritis, cardiovascular risk factors (hypercholesterolemia) and heart attacks.
Fortunately, patients who are overweight or obese can be treated and cured. To this end, since 2004, the PronoKal Group® has been conducting research and designing weight reduction methods and strategies for preventing subsequent weight gain. As a result, we are now experts in the treatment of these diseases.